The Fascinating Life of the Himba Tribe

Three Himba women in traditional attire and jewelry, each with a child, sitting on the ground in a natural environment.

In the untouched expanses of Kaokoveld, far from the traces of modernity, the Himba tribe flourishes in harmony with the Earth. This article grants an exclusive insight into the heart of this unique community in northern Namibia, where traditions are not only preserved, but lived with pride. Our Kaokoveld Himba Tour, led by a local Himba, is not merely a journey through impressive landscapes, but an encounter with a living heritage that is unparalleled in its splendor and authenticity. Every step unveils a world full of history, culture, and enduring beauty.

The Otjize Ritual: Skin Care and Identity of the Himba

The Himba are immediately recognizable by their characteristic use of Otjize, a red ochre paste, which is as symbolic as it is functional. It is a blend of butterfat and ochre pigment gracefully applied to the skin, giving it a characteristic reddish hue. This is not just a visually striking adornment; it’s a cultural practice deeply rooted in the identity of the Himba. The red ochre is not only aesthetic, but serves a versatile role, providing protection against the scorching sun and insect bites, and is considered an element of cleansing and beauty.

Traditional Attire

For the Himba, clothing is more than just protection – it’s a living portrait of their identity, celebrating age, social status, and lineage. Each garment, made from calfskin and adorned with ornaments, is an expression of individual and collective narrative. Women adorn themselves with skirt-like leather dresses and intricate jewelry, while men reveal their identity through loin cloths and unique hairstyles. Every detail of Himba clothing, enriched with the symbolic red Otjize, is a narrative element of an ongoing story deeply anchored in the landscapes of Kaokoveld.

Lifestyle and Culture of the Himba tribe

Daily Life:

The Himba tribe leads a semi-nomadic life; their movements are harmoniously tuned to the seasons and the needs of their livestock. The cattle are not only a livelihood, but are deeply rooted in the cultural identity of the Himba. Every day, the tribe’s activities revolve around the care and grazing of these animals, painting a picture of a community deeply connected with nature.

Language and Communication:

Communication within the Himba tribe is facilitated by OtjiHimba, a language rich in cultural expressions and traditional nuances.

Spiritual Beliefs:

The spirituality of the Himba tribe is anchored in ancestor veneration. The sacred fire, or Okuruwo, is central to their spiritual practices and symbolizes a sacred connection between the living Himba and their ancestors. It’s a bridge between the worlds, illuminating the rich spiritual life of the tribe and their unyielding respect for those who walked the Earth before them.

Music and Dance: The Heartbeat of Himba Culture

Music and dance are core elements of Himba culture, encapsulating the tribe’s rich historical narrative and communal ethos. Through rhythmic drumming, enchanting vocals, and spirited dancing, the Himba tribe expresses their identity, recounts ancestral tales, and celebrates life’s milestones. These authentic musical traditions, handed down through generations, serve as a vibrant reflection of the Himba’s cultural richness and act as a powerful medium for community bonding. The thematic resonance of Himba music often circles around cattle, nature, and daily activities, mirroring the tribe’s pastoral lifestyle.

The Ondjongo, a traditional dance of happiness performed by the Himba, showcases a unique cultural ritual. During this dance, community members form a crescent formation, clapping, laughing, and chanting, fostering a celebratory atmosphere that enhances communal kinship. Dance is identified as a central activity for nurturing communal bonds among the Himba tribe, promoting a sense of unity and cultural continuity. Engaging with or observing these communal musical rituals provides a deeper insight into the emotive and unifying power of Himba music and dance, enriching the understanding of the tribe’s enduring cultural legacy.

Visiting a Himba Village

The Himba villages, nestled in the breathtaking and arid landscapes of Kaokoveld in northern Namibia, witness a harmonious symbiosis between humans and the rugged, untouched nature. Here, every hut and every smile reflects the tireless spirit of the Himba tribe, who have created a world where tradition, nature, and human existence exist in a deeply rooted unity.


Visiting the Himba tribe is possible, but requires the responsibility to treat their culture with respect and sensitivity. Ethical considerations are at the forefront to ensure that the tribe’s way of life is honored. Our guided tours are designed to provide an immersive experience while preserving the dignity and traditions of the Himba tribe.

Encountering the Tribe

Meeting the Himba tribe means entering a world where every gesture, every adornment, and every word is steeped in tradition. Our Kaokoveld Himba Tour, led by a local Himba, ensures that visitors not only observe, but interact with the Himba tribe in a meaningful and respectful manner. It’s more than a visit; it’s a cultural exchange that enriches both the visitor and the tribe, and each encounter fosters a deeper understanding and respect for the cherished way of life of the Himba.

A Deeper Insight into the Traditions of the Himba


The diet of the Himba tribe is a testimony to their harmonious coexistence with nature. They primarily rely on their livestock, with milk and meat being staples. This pastoral community has mastered the art of utilizing available resources, supplementing their diet with maize flour, fruits, and vegetables available in their arid homeland. Each meal is not just nourishment, but a celebration of the resilience and adaptability of the Himba tribe.


Leadership within the Himba tribe is anchored in tradition. The chief, often the eldest male member of the clan, oversees the welfare of the tribe and ensures the continuation of their customs. Leadership roles and decisions are rooted in the wisdom of the ancestors, connecting the present with the teachings of the past to guide the tribe into the future. It’s a blend of governance and guardianship that sustains the soul of the Himba people.

Cultural Preservation:

The Himba tribe is a living fabric of ancient traditions woven into the present. Their cultural practices, from the iconic red ochre adornments to the sacred rituals around the sacred fire, have stood the test of time. Every aspect of Himba life, from clothing to social structures, is a testimony to a community dedicated to preserving their cultural identity amidst the overwhelming currents of modernization.

Sacred Fire

The Okuruwo is not just a spiritual entity, but also serves as a gathering point for the community, lighting up the nights with shared stories and wisdom.

Innovative Animal Husbandry

Despite the dry environment, the Himba have developed innovative methods to feed their livestock, ensuring their survival and prosperity under harsh conditions. Their advanced techniques include specific grazing practices and natural medicines derived from indigenous plants. These innovations are a testament to the adaptability and deep knowledge of the Himba, enabling them to thrive in a challenging environment where others would only see challenges.

In conclusion, the deep insight into the life of the Himba tribe opens up a world where tradition, nature, and humanity unite in a harmonious symbiosis. Every detail of their life – from the symbolic use of Otjize to the significance of their traditional clothing to spirituality – teaches us the importance of culture, respect, and adaptability. The wisdom of the Himba, embedded in their everyday practices and spiritual beliefs, offers us more than just a narrative of a distant tribe.

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